Life in America: The Reagan Years, A Webography

Radical Feminisms: A Very Short Introduction

Radical feminism is a "current" within feminism that focuses on the theory of patriarchy as a system of power that organizes society into a complex of relationships based on an assumption of "male supremacy" used to oppress women. Radical feminism aims to challenge and to overthrow patriarchy by opposing standard gender roles and the male oppression of women, and calls for a radical reordering of society. Early radical feminism, arising within second-wave feminism in the 1960s, typically viewed patriarchy as a "transhistorical phenomenon" prior to or deeper than other sources of oppression, "not only the oldest and most universal form of domination but the primary form" and the model for all others. Later politics derived from radical feminism ranged from cultural feminism to more syncretic politics that placed issues of class, economics, etc. on a par with patriarchy as sources of oppression.  Radical feminists locate the root cause of women's oppression in patriarchal gender relations, as opposed to legal systems (as in liberal feminism) or class conflict (as in socialist feminism and Marxist feminism).

Source:  "Radical Feminism."  Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.  9 Dec. 2010.  Web.  20 Dec. 2010.

Web Resources about Radical Feminisms

Feminist Perspectives on the Body

Score:  18

Summary: Kathleen Lennon’s website uses scholarly information to give the history and development for different forms of feminism. She uses the female body as a focal point for radical feminism beliefs as well as other feministic ideals. For radical feminism it is the maternal body that symbolizes the positive values that contrast male values. Kathleen Lennon also expresses how the involvement of women in reproductive actions promotes a positive self-image.

Evaluation: The University of Stanford’s Philosophy department runs the website that Kathleen Lennon posted her findings on January 28, 2010. She is a professor of philosophy at Hull University and she uses numerous resources to support her idea of how the female body is related to feminism. The encyclopedia website allows the reader of the website to view the credentials of Kathleen Lennon and their staff at Hull University.

Cultural Feminism @ Wikipedia

Score:  17

Summary: Wikipedia for cultural feminism offers readers easy accessibility of the website and allows readers to comprehend the meaning of cultural feminism with little trouble. The site states that cultural feminism is was developed from the ideas of radical feminism, and that it also contains essentialist views. Wikipedia also displays the criticisms of cultural feminism with a counterargument.

Evaluation: Wikipedia offers a link to research the individuals who have contributed to the website to determine if the information is reliable or not. The scholarly website is consistently updated with information that is reviewed to ensure that the information is absolutely correct. The website provides all sources that were used on the site, all pictures are cited, and there are suggested readings at the bottom of the page for further research that may want to be conducted for cultural feminism.

Radical Feminism @ Wikipedia

Score:  17

Summary: The history, the movements, and beliefs of radical feminism is displayed on the Wikipedia websit. There is also information about what is involved in being a radical feminist. Criticisms to radical feminism are also presented to counteract with the rest of the information of the website which was last updated on March 7, 2011.

Evaluation: Wikipedia is consistently updated and the information is reviewed to ensure that the information is absolute. If they are unsure of the information presented, there is a note posted with the information to let the reader know. Wikipedia allows for the reader to view the profiles of the individuals who contribute to the website to review if the source is reliable. The individuals may not be experts in the field so some of the information may not be entirely reliable.

American Thinker: Radical Feminism's Attack on Manhood in America

Score:  16

Summary: Lloyd Marcus uses the American Thinker website to portray how radical feminists want to assault manhood and weaken it. He uses examples from his own life of how there is a need for men to still remain “macho” and not become a weakened by radical feminist. Lloyd Marcus also uses an article from Time Magazine that was written by a woman to help support his point that he is trying to make.

Evaluation: This site is more opinion based and the author uses first-hand experience and a cited magazine article to prove his point that he is trying to make. There is a picture from the issue of Time Magazine that Lloyd Marcus quoted and there is also a drawing that he drew to help support his argument against radical feminism. The article was posted on December 15, 2009, and the website offers a link that goes to Lloyd Marcus’s website. His article is posted on American Thinker which is a site for people to publish daily articles, the staff biographies give descriptions of individuals who are reliable.

Cultural Feminism

Score:  16

Summary: Mary Jo Deegan uses the site to discuss the study of cultural feminism. The site states that research from Jacob Bachoffen uses matriarchal and patriarchal societies to show how women’s powers have changed. Research from Friedrich Engels is also used to show that women’s powers have also been affected because of economic and technological changes. The site discusses that women used to have more power and that they are pacifist and they believe in cooperation and that they do not approve of masculinity.

Evaluation: Mary Jo Deegan is a professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Her credentials are not provided on the website, but she has properly sited all of her resources and she gives evidence from popular researchers to back up her position on cultural feminism. It is difficult to identify who the site is run by or when the site was last updated, but the information is reliable and the information is correctly cited.

Definition of Radical Feminism

Score:  16

Summary: Maureen Zieber uses her research that she has completed to express women’s struggles throughout history. Her research provides proof for what radical feminists’ beliefs. She conveyed that liberal feminists wanted to demolish the differences between men and women and have there be equality between the two genders. She also states that there are two different types of radical feminism. Radical-libertarians are those that believe women are able to freely choose their sexual preferences. Radical-culturals are those that believe that women are naturally mothers and that the rights for reproduction of females are important.

Evaluation: Maureen Zieber posted her research on a reliable, but not too well known site on November 20, 2008. She contains a Bachelor’s Degree in World History and Women’s Studies with a minor in Anthropology. She graduated from the University of Delaware and she is pursuing her Master’s in Secondary Social Studies Education from Wilmington University. She is very interested in women’s studies and her posted information is for purely scholarly purposes and her resources and pictures used are cited in the article.

Radical Feminism: An Exposé

Score:  15

Summary: Danny Frederick writes on this site to give a description on what radical feminists are unsupportive of. These objections include pin-ups, pornography, gratuitous sex, prostitution, and forms of expression. This site is sponsored by liberal feminists supporters who want to show the difference between what the liberal feminist believe and what the radical feminists believe.

Evaluation: The Liberation Alliance in London, England created and sponsors this website. Danny Frederick studied philosophy in London and also taught philosophy at Kings College. All of the references used in their site are appropriately cited and they are reliable, scholarly sources. Information from Cambridge University is used in the website as well which adds to the source’s credibility. The site has not been updated since 1992, but the site is still reliable because of reliable resources and endnotes.

Radical Feminism @ Sociology Index

Score:  15

Summary: The sociology site gives a great deal of information about radical feminism. The site says that the oppression of women acts as a model for the oppression of other groups as well, and there are radical feminists who argue that oppression comes from biology. The site also presents the argument that radical feminists may oppress other women along with men, and the difference between radical feminists and liberal feminists is also made of the site. It states that liberal feminists are more reasoned with their way of thinking.

Evaluation: The site has no author and no date for when the website was last revised. The sociology website does give sources that were used to support the information given on the website. The resources that are given also have a description of the types of information that was available within that resource. The site is non-opinion based, but is all scholarly. The site is dependable due to the viable resources used to make the website.

Marxist Roots of Radical Feminism

Score:  15

Summary: This site provides information on how radical feminism differs from the founders of feminism. Radical feminist support women’s rights and their choice for abortion, contraception, and they are against family. The site also discusses how some radical feminist are starting to change their beliefs again in today’s world. Radical feminists are moving towards Marxism and Socialism and away from equal rights for women in today’s society.

Evaluation: The site is sponsored by These Last Days Ministries, Inc and was last updated on February 3, 2010. There is no author for this website, but all of the sources that are quoted throughout the site are accurately cited and are used to encourage the author’s viewpoint. This site is supported by an unknown organization that could potentially be questionable.

Cultural and Post-Structuralist Feminisms

Score:  11

Summary: The website, last updated on January 7, 2003, provides information for both for the benefits cultural feminism and also the problems of cultural feminism. The benefits include a sense of community and that a woman’s world is full of superior values and beliefs. The site also states that cultural feminism challenges the theory of classical liberalism. The reasons for opposition against cultural feminism include: setting too high of expectations for women, no long-term effects, fails to recognize the strengths that rose from oppression, expectations create inferior women, and it does not have the appropriate response to sexism.

Evaluation: The site does not list an author on that page and its resources are not fully cited. The site gives two individuals that were quoted for the use of this website. One of the individuals who is quoted, Alic Echols, has the book that they are quoted from provided. Linda Alcoff’s opinion is quoted for comparison to Echols. The website has been updated in six years and it is the website of Marie P. McMahon who is a professor at the Universidad de La Laguna in Spain. The website does contain scholarly research, but there is also opinion throughout the article as well.

Content created by Sarah Bartley.